A Review of the Impact of Farmers-Herders Conflicts on the Socioeconomic Well-Being of Specific Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Kwara, Nigeria

Kajian Kesan Konflik Peladang-Penternak Terhadap Kesejahteraan Sosioekonomi Kawasan Kerajaan Tempatan (LGA) Terpilih di Kwara, Nigeria

Authors

  • Umuani Aliagan Katibi Pusat Pengajian Teras, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0009-0006-5593-3918
  • Abd. Hakim Mohad@Mohamad Ramli Pusat Pengajian Teras, Universiti Islam Sains Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan
  • Ibrahim Fahad Sulaiman Fakulti Kepimpinan dan Pengurusan, Universiti Islam Sains Malaysia, Bandar Baru Nilai, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan

Keywords:

Farmers-Herders Conflicts, Socioeconomic Well-being, Local Government Areas, Kwara State, Conflict Resolution

Abstract

Abstrak: Farmers-herders conflicts pose significant challenges to socioeconomic development in Nigeria, particularly in Kwara State. This study aims to provide a broad appraisal of the effects of farmers-herders conflicts on the socioeconomic well-being of selected Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Kwara State, Nigeria. The study uses a comprehensive and multi-dimensional approach to studying farmers-herders conflicts in Kwara State, Nigeria. It focuses on understanding their impacts, exploring root causes, analysing responses and interventions, and identifying pathways towards peace and development. The study focuses on analysing the multifaceted impacts of these conflicts, including their consequences on livelihoods, food security, education, healthcare, and overall community well-being. Drawing from a wide range of scholarly sources, this review examines the historical context, root causes, and dynamics of farmers-herders conflicts in Kwara State. It explores the complex relationship of factors such as land access, resource competition, and communal tensions that trigger these conflicts. Also, the review investigates the responses and interventions by both government and non-governmental organisations to mitigate the adverse effects of these conflicts on the affected communities. Besides, the review sheds light on the resilience and coping strategies affected communities adopt to navigate the challenges posed by farmers-herders conflicts. It highlights community-based initiatives, conflict resolution mechanisms, and grassroots efforts to restore peace and socioeconomic stability. The findings of this study underscore the urgent need for sustainable conflict resolution strategies and development initiatives that prioritise the well-being of affected communities in Kwara State. It also calls for a holistic approach involving various stakeholders to address the complex and interconnected issues arising from farmers-herders conflicts. This paper contributes to the ongoing discourse on conflict management, peacebuilding, and socioeconomic development in Kwara State and similar conflict-affected regions.

 

Abstract: Konflik peladang-penternak menimbulkan cabaran besar kepada pembangunan sosioekonomi di Nigeria, khususnya di negeri Kwara. Kajian ini bertujuan untuk memberi penilaian menyeluruh mengenai kesan konflik peladang-penternak terhadap kesejahteraan sosioekonomi Kawasan Kerajaan Tempatan (LGA) terpilih di negeri Kwara, Nigeria. Kajian ini menggunakan pendekatan menyeluruh dan pelbagai dimensi untuk mengkaji konflik peladang-penternak di negeri Kwara, Nigeria. Kajian ini memberi tumpuan untuk memahami kesan mereka, meneroka punca asal, menganalisis tindak balas dan intervensi, serta mengenal pasti jalan ke arah keamanan dan pembangunan. Kajian ini juga memberi tumpuan kepada menganalisis impak pelbagai konflik ini, termasuk kesan mereka terhadap cara hidup, keselamatan makanan, pendidikan, penjagaan kesihatan, dan kesejahteraan masyarakat secara keseluruhan. Berdasarkan pelbagai sumber ilmiah, kajian ini mengkaji konteks sejarah, punca asal, dan dinamik konflik petani-pengembala di negeri Kwara. Ia meneroka hubungan kompleks faktor-faktor seperti akses tanah, pertandingan sumber, dan ketegangan komunal yang mencetuskan konflik ini. Selain itu, kajian ini turut menyelami respons dan intervensi oleh pihak kerajaan dan pertubuhan bukan kerajaan untuk meredakan kesan buruk konflik ini terhadap komuniti yang terjejas. Tambahan pula, kajian ini menerangkan strategi daya tahan dan penyesuaian yang digunakan oleh komuniti yang terjejas untuk menangani cabaran yang timbul akibat konflik peladang-penternak. Ia mengetengahkan inisiatif berasaskan komuniti, mekanisme penyelesaian konflik, dan usaha-usaha akar umbi yang bertujuan untuk mengembalikan keamanan dan kestabilan sosial-ekonomi. Dapatan kajian ini menekankan keperluan mendesak untuk strategi penyelesaian konflik yang mampan dan inisiatif pembangunan yang memberi keutamaan kepada kesejahteraan komuniti yang terjejas di negeri Kwara. Ia juga menyeru kepada pendekatan holistik yang melibatkan pihak berkepentingan pada pelbagai peringkat untuk menangani isu-isu yang rumit dan berkaitan yang timbul daripada konflik peladang-penternak. Kajian ini menyumbang kepada perbincangan berterusan mengenai pengurusan konflik, pembinaan keamanan, dan pembangunan sosial-ekonomi di negeri Kwara dan kawasan yang mengalami konflik serupa.

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Published

2024-05-31
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How to Cite

Katibi, U. A., Mohad@Mohamad Ramli, A. H. ., & Sulaiman, I. F. (2024). A Review of the Impact of Farmers-Herders Conflicts on the Socioeconomic Well-Being of Specific Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Kwara, Nigeria: Kajian Kesan Konflik Peladang-Penternak Terhadap Kesejahteraan Sosioekonomi Kawasan Kerajaan Tempatan (LGA) Terpilih di Kwara, Nigeria. Sains Insani, 9(1), 150-160. Retrieved from https://sainsinsani.usim.edu.my/index.php/sainsinsani/article/view/626
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