Eka Aneka Vis-A-Vis Ṭawḥīd Al-Asmā’ Al-Ḥusna: An Analysis Of Uthaya Sankar’s View In His Malaiur Manikam
Eka Aneka Vis-A-Vis Ṭawḥīd Al-Asmā’ Al-Ḥusna: Analisis daripada Pandangan Uthaya Sankar daripada Malaiur Manikam
Keywords:eka aneka; al-Asmā’ al-Husnā; Tawḥīd; Uthaya Sankar; Malaiur Manikam
In the religion studies, al-Asmā’ al-Ḥusnā refers to the beautiful names of God, which such phrase is never ascribed to His creations, but only unto Him alone, as prescribed in the notion of tawhīd. In Hinduism, the theological concept is addressed as eka aneka. Eka means one, while aneka means not one or many. Therefore, eka aneka means God in Hinduism is one but also aneka, which has many manifestations, incarnations, and different from the concept of tawḥīd in Islam. In 2015, Uthaya Sankar, a famous Hindu writer, claims that the Hindu concept of eka aneka is similar to the concept of al-Asmā’ al-Ḥusnā in Islam in his Malay language book titled Malaiur Manikam. Therefore, this research aims to study the intellectual background of Uthaya Sankar and his book Malaiur Manikam. Then this research intends to describe the concept of eka aneka as prescribed by Uthaya Sankar in his Malaiur Manikam and also to investigate Uthaya Sankar’s view of equalizing the concept of eka aneka with the concept of al-Asmā’ al-Husnā in Islam. This research applies the qualitative approach, namely content analysis method on the Malaiur Manikam text. As a result, this research found that the Hindu concept of eka aneka cannot be equalised with the concept of al-Asmā’ al-Ḥusnā in Islam. This is due to the fact that although Allah has 99 names, but Allah is one (tawḥīd) in His essence (dhāt), actions (afcāl) and names (asmā’), as well as does not incarnate into any forms or manifestations. On the contrary, even though the Hindu God is one, but it incarnates into various forms and manifestations. Thus, this finding can enlighten the Muslims and the non-Muslims on the concept of tawḥīd al-Asmā’ al-Husnā vis-a-vis eka aneka, and also evaluate Uthaya Sankar’s notion of equalizing the Hindu concept of eka aneka with the concept al-Asmā’ al-Husnā in Islam.
Al-Ghazālīyy, M.M. Abū Ḥāmid. (2003). Al-Maqṣad al-Asnā Fi Sharh Macānī al-Asmā’ al-Ḥusnā. Beirut: Dar Ibn Ḥazm.
Al-Qurtubī. (2005). Al-Asnā fi Sharh Asmā’ Allāh al-Ḥusnā Wa Ṣifātihi . Beirut: Al- Maktabah Al- cAdhriyyah.
Al-Sanūsī, M.I.Y. Abi cAbdullāh. (1761). Sharḥ al-Asmā’ al-Ḥusnā. Beirut: Maktabah al-Macārif.
Guru Prosad Sen. (1893). “Introduction to Study of Hinduism”, Calcutta: Thacker, Spink and Co.
James G. Lochtefeld. (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism. Vol.2. New York: The Rosen Publishing Group.
Kerel Werner. (2005). “A Popular Dictionary of Hinduism”, Francis: Curzon Press.
Michael Jordan. (2004). Dictionary of Gods and Goddesses. New York: Facts on File, Inc.
n.a. 25 November (2018). “Uthaya Sankar SB”. Wikipedia. <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uthaya_Sankar_SB>
Saheeh International Translation. (2010). The Qur’ān With Sūrah Introductions and Appendices. Birmingham: Maktabah Book Sellers and Publishers.
Uthaya Sankar. (2018). “Biodata Uthaya Sankar SB”. Bahan Arkib dan Rujukan. http://uthayasankarsb.blogspot.com/2009/11/biodata-uthaya-sankar-sb.html. 10 October 2018.
Uthaya Sankar. (2015). Malaiur Manikam. Bangi: Dubook press.
Uthaya Sankar. (2018). Kavyan Writer. Facebook Messenger. Personal Background (Personal Interview). 14 December 2018.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Mastura Abd Wahab, Wan Mohd Fazrul Azdi Wan Razali
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
1. Author holds the copyright of the article.
2. Jurnal Sains Insani owns the rights to publish the article. The writer may request permission to republish the article from the editor.
3. Jurnal Sains Insani follows the APA (American Psychological Association) style for all in-text citation and list of bibliographies.