Familiness in Family Business: A Bibliometric Analysis

Kekeluargaan dalam Perniagaan Keluarga: Analisis Bibliometrik


  • Nadiah Mahmad Nasir Graduate School of Muamalat, Faculty of Economics and Muamalat, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia
  • Khairul Akmaliah Adham Graduate School of Muamalat, Faculty of Economics and Muamalat, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, 71800 Nilai, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia


bibliometric analysis, bibliometrix, biblioshiny, familiness, family business, family resources, R-package


Abstract: Family businesses have been ranked as among the top contributors to the overall global revenue. These firms are unique due to the embeddedness of family elements in their operation. The involvement of family members in the management and operation of such organizations is termed "familiness". Scholars have proposed familiness as a unique resource for family businesses, which can be leveraged by top management to gain a competitive advantage. However, thus far, the discussion on the concept of familiness has lacked a systematic and bird-eye review perspective, which has hindered understanding of the overall body of knowledge. To bridge this gap, a bibliometric analysis was employed to analyse the patterns and trends in past studies on familiness. The dataset consists of 149 articles retrieved from the SCOPUS database and imported into the Biblioshiny interface using the Bibliometrix R package. Analysis showed that familiness studies are growing and familiness concept is developing. Ten themes related to the familiness were identified, with the major ones include the development of the familiness concept, attributes and characteristics of a family business, and concerns for organizational growth and continuity. The findings of this bibliometric study, which is the first performed on the topic of familiness, offer recommendations for future research to further explore the role of familiness in facilitating family businesses’ strategic imperatives, such as internationalisation efforts, in ensuring the continuity of these firms across generations.


Abstrak: Perniagaan keluarga adalah antara penyumbang tertinggi kepada keseluruhan hasil dunia. Firma ini unik kerana terdapat elemen kekeluargaan dalam operasi mereka. Penglibatan ahli keluarga dalam pengurusan dan operasi perniagaan jenis ini diistilahkan sebagai “kekeluargaan”. Para sarjana telah mencadangkan kekeluargaan sebagai sumber unik untuk perniagaan keluarga, yang boleh dimanfaatkan oleh pengurusan tertinggi perniagaan keluarga untuk mendapatkan kelebihan daya saing. Walau bagaimanapun, setakat ini, terdapat kurang perbincangan tentang konsep kekeluargaan dari perspektif sistematik dan umum, yang telah menghalang pemahaman tentang keseluruhan bidang ilmu tersebut. Untuk mengatasi jurang ini, analisis bibliometrik digunakan untuk mengkaji corak dan tren dalam kajian kekeluargaan. Set data terdiri daripada 149 artikel telah diambil daripada pangkalan data SCOPUS dan diimport ke Biblioshiny menggunakan pakej Bibliometrix R. Analisis menunjukkan bahawa kajian kekeluargaan semakin bertambah dan konsep kekeluargaan semakin membangun. Sepuluh tema yang berkaitan dengan kekeluargaan telah dikenal pasti, dengan tema utama termasuk pembangunan konsep kekeluargaan, sifat dan ciri perniagaan keluarga, dan kebimbangan terhadap pertumbuhan dan kesinambungan organisasi. Penemuan kajian bibliometrik ini, yang merupakan yang pertama dilakukan dalam topik kekeluargaan, mencadangkan penyelidikan yang lebih lanjut di masa hadapan tentang peranan kekeluargaan dalam menyokong keperluan strategik perniagaan keluarga, seperti usaha pengantarabangsaan, dalam memastikan kesinambungan firma ini merentas generasi.


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How to Cite

Mahmad Nasir, N., & Adham, K. A. (2023). Familiness in Family Business: A Bibliometric Analysis: Kekeluargaan dalam Perniagaan Keluarga: Analisis Bibliometrik. Sains Insani, 8(2), 327-337. Retrieved from https://sainsinsani.usim.edu.my/index.php/sainsinsani/article/view/519
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