Potensi Sumber Air dari Perspektif Islam dan Pembangunan Tenaga Hidroelektrik di Sungai Perak

The Potential of Water Resources from Islamic Perspective and Hydroelectric Power Development in Perak River

Authors

  • Mohamad Khairul Anuar Mohd Rosli Bahagian Sejarah, Pusat Pengajian Ilmu Kemanusiaan, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7187-7529

Keywords:

Sungai Perak; Stesen Hidroelektrik; Rancangan Colombo; Lembaga Letrik Negara.

Abstract

Abstrak: Usaha untuk membangunkan kemudahan bekalan elektrik sejajar dengan keperluan yang sentiasa meningkat kesan perkembangan sektor ekonomi, perbandaran dan kehidupan manusia yang serba moden menyebabkan kaedah penjanaan tenaga elektrik mula dipelbagaikan. Langkah ini penting untuk memastikan proses penyediaan tenaga elektrik tidak terjejas disebabkan harga dan ketersediaan sumber tidak boleh diperbaharui seperti gas asli, minyak dan arang batu yang tidak menentu. Justeru tumpuan terarah kepada penggunaan sumber boleh diperbaharui iaitu air bagi memenuhi dan menjamin pembekalan elektrik kepada pengguna. Di Malaysia, industri tenaga elektrik mula menggunakan sumber air khususnya sungai sejak tahun 1890-an yang berterusan sehingga ke hari ini. Sehubungan dengan itu, kajian ini bertujuan mengenal pasti pembangunan sumber air khususnya Sungai Perak sehingga menjadi sumber penting dalam penjanaan tenaga hidroelektrik di Perak khasnya dan Malaysia umumnya sebelum tahun 1990. Kajian ini menggunakan kaedah kajian perpustakaan dengan menganalisis sumber-sumber primer dan sekunder seperti Laporan Tahunan Lembaga Letrik Negara, buku dan jurnal. Sungai Perak yang dianugerahkan oleh Allah SWT merupakan sungai yang telah menunjukkan keupayaannya sebagai sumber utama penjanaan tenaga hidroelektrik. Mula menjana tenaga hidroelektrik pada tahun 1930, Sungai Perak dilihat masih lagi memainkan peranan tersebut sehingga abad ke-21. Keadaan ini jelas menunjukkan manfaat berpanjangan yang dikurniakan oleh Allah SWT kepada hamba-Nya dengan memakmurkan sumber air.

 

Abstract: The efforts to develop electricity supply utilities are in line with increasing necessities following the growth of the economic sector, urbanisation, and modern human living, and the diversification of methods of electricity generation. This is the key in ensuring the process of providing energy is not disrupted by price, as well as the uncertain availability non-renewable energy sources such as natural gas, oil, and coal. The focus turns to the use of renewable energy sources such as water to fulfil and guarantee electricity supply to consumers. In Malaysia, the electricity industry via water sources, especially rivers, began since the 1890s, and continues to this day. This study identifies the development of the water resources especially Perak River until it becomes an important source in hydroelectric power generation in Perak specifically and Malaysia generally before 1990. This article applying library research method by analysing primary and secondary sources such as the Annual Report of the National Electricity Board, books and journal. Perak River, as the best granted by Him (Allah SWT) has showed the great potential in contributing electric supply since 1930 and still significant until now. This situation clearly shows the long-term benefits bestowed by Allah SWT on His servants by prospering water resources.

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Published

2023-11-30
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How to Cite

Mohd Rosli, M. K. A. (2023). Potensi Sumber Air dari Perspektif Islam dan Pembangunan Tenaga Hidroelektrik di Sungai Perak: The Potential of Water Resources from Islamic Perspective and Hydroelectric Power Development in Perak River. Sains Insani, 8(2), 199-207. Retrieved from https://sainsinsani.usim.edu.my/index.php/sainsinsani/article/view/491
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